The building is a typical example of Nizhyn civil architecture of late classicism. The estate was the property of the local landowner Mykola Yakovych Makarov (1828-1892) – an official, journalist, cultural and educational figure. M. Makarov was the head of the Moscow Exchequer and a board member of the finance ministry. Makarov was on friendly terms with T.H. Shevchenko, Marko Vovchok, O.I.Hertsen. According to the legend, Mykola Gogol read his first works in the main building of the barton in 1827.
The one-storeyd building belonged to the local landowner Mykola Makarov (1828-1892) – an official, journalist, cultural and educational figure. In 1848 he graduated from Nizhyn law Lyceum, he served in various departments, was the head of the Moscow Exchequer and at the ebb of his life was a board member of the finance ministry. He often visited Nizhyn in summer. Makarov was on friendly terms with T.H. Shevchenko, Marko Vovchok, O.I. Hertsen.
Shevchenko dedicated a poem to Makarov in 1860. It was named "A Beautiful Flower", inspired by sad feelings of undivided love for the former Makarov’s serf Lukeria Polusmakova.
The main building was consructed in the first third of the 19th century. It was a rectangular building with a corridor planning. In the third quarter of the 19th century a risalit yard and a gallery were adjusted, as a result, the plan got a complex configuration.
The facade of the original building is stylistically associated with classicism. High rectangular window openings are decorated with direct frontons on the support-brackets. Under the window there is a cornice of a simple profile. Vertical carnice is typical of Nizhyn architecture of the 18th – 19th century. The brick profile is combined with a wooden verandah roof. The yard facade is built using pilasters, bases and vaulting capillary which divide the wall. They are the basis for the whole assembly of remote carnice. The openings are decorated with frames, under the windows there is a frieze which consists of niches of the same width as openings. The gallery was built later window openings. The Risalit has an attic at the top and on the side sections of the facade there are triangular gables.
The building is a typical example of Nizhyn civil architecture of late classicism.