Settlement "Selyshche"

Dating: 2nd millennium BC, 13th–14th century
Protection # : 856
Address: 0.3 km to the north-west of the western outskirts of Nizhyn, right bank of the river Oster, bordering on Okolychna street
Categories: archeology monument;
Epoch: the Old Rus epoch; the Bronze age; the Postmongolian Age;

The settlement was discovered in the 1990s by A. Morozov during the archaeological excavations on the western outskirts of Nizhyn. During the collecting of artifacts several spots were found. This proved that the settlement is a double-layer one.

Discovered by Morozov, the settlement is situated on a hillside which is located on the right bank of the Oster. The cultural layer is fixed by 4 areas (Figure 8):

1. Western (375x100 m) - located along the western slope of the hill. Artifacts are represented by fragments of molded ceramics of the Bronze Age and early the Iron Age (2nd millennium BC);

Southeast (120x75 m) - located along the eastern slope of the hill. Artifacts are represented by fragments of molded ceramics of the 2nd millennium BC;

3. Eastern (120x75 m) - located on the slopes of the hill on the opposite bank of the pond. Excavated material is represented by fragments of molded ceramics of the second millennium BC;

4. Central (200x200 m) - occupies the central and the most elevated part of the hill.

Artifacts are represented by fragments of molded ceramics of the 2nd millennium BC, and by the fragments of pottery of the Postmongolic Age (the second half of 12th-14th) and the period of 18th-19th century. The central area of the sight is occupied by residential buildings and gardens in Okolychna Street (former isolated farmstead "Selyshche" in the place of the same tract). The placename "Selyshche" on the northwestern outskirts of Nizhyn has been known since the second half of the 19th century [Morozov, 2007, p. 20-21; Sytyi, 2005, p. 13-14].

Archaeological excavations on the sight’s territory were not carried out. The sight is under supervision.

Author(-s): I.S. Kedun, O.G. Parkhomenko